sábado, 11 de noviembre de 2006

Región Axilar

por Theodorakys Marín


  1. Continente
  • Pared Posterior. Fenestrada.
    • Plano Óseo.
      • Hueso Escapular.
    • Plano Muscular.
      • Músculo Subescapular.
      • Músculo Teres Mayor.
      • Músculo Latísimo del Dorso.
    • Espacios de la Pared Posterior.
      • Espacio Axilar Superior Medial.
        • Vasos Circunflejos Escapulares.
      • Espacio Axilar Superior Lateral.
        • Nervio Axilar.
        • Vasos Circunflejos Humerales Posteriores.
      • Espacio Axilar Inferior.
        • Nervio Radial.
        • Arteria Braquial Profunda.
  • Pared Medial.
    • Plano Óseo.
      • Huesos Costales y sus respectivos Espacios Intercostales.
    • Plano Muscular.
      • Músculo Serrato Anterior.
  • Pared Lateral.
    • Plano Osteoarticular.
      • Articulación Glenohumeral.
      • Hueso Humeral.
    • Plano Muscular.
      • Músculo Coracobraquial.
      • Porción Corta del Músculo Bíceps Braquial.
  • Pared Anterior. Netamente Muscular.
    • Plano Muscular Profundo.
      • Músculo Subclavio.
      • Músculo Pectoral Menor.
    • Fascia Clavipectoral.
    • Plano Interpectoral.
    • Plano Muscular Superficial.
      • Músculo Pectoral Mayor.
  • Base. Cuadrangular.
    • Fascia Axilar.
    • Tejido Celular Subcutáneo.
    • Piel.
  • Vértice. Truncado.
    • Límites:
      • Anterior: Clavícula.
      • Posterior: Borde Superior de la Escápula.
      • Medial: Primer Hueso Costal.
  1. Contenido
  • Arteria Axilar.
    • Origen.
      • Arteria Subclavia.
    • Trayecto.
      • Desde la mitad de la cara inferior de la clavícula, hasta el borde inferior del músculo pectoral mayor.
    • Terminación.
      • Arteria Braquial.
    • Ramas Colaterales.
      • Arteria Torácica Superior.
      • Arteria Toracoacromial.
        • Ramas Pectorales.
        • Ramas Acromiales.
        • Ramas Claviculares.
        • Ramas Deltoideas.
      • Arteria Torácica Lateral.
      • Arteria Subescapular.
        • Arteria Toracodorsal.
        • Arteria Circunfleja Escapular.
      • Tronco de las Circunflejas.
        • Arteria Circunfleja Humeral Anterior.
        • Arteria Circunfleja Humeral Posterior.
  • Vena Axilar.
    • Origen.
      • Venas Braquiales.
      • Vena Basílica.
    • Terminación.
      • Vena Subclavia.
  • Linfonódulos Axilares.
    • Grupo Linfonodular Braquial (Lateral).
    • Grupo Linfonodular Subescapular (Posterior).
    • Grupo Linfonodular Pectoral (Anterior).
    • Grupo Linfonodular Central.
    • Grupo Linfonodular Apical.
  • Plexo Braquial.
    • Troncos.
      • Tronco Superior (C5 y C6).
        • Nervio Supraescapular.
        • Nervio para el músculo Subclavio.
      • Tronco Medio (C7).
      • Tronco Inferior (C8 y T1).
    • Fascículos.
      • Fascículo Lateral. Originado por los ramos anteriores del Tronco Superior y Medio.
        • Nervio Pectoral Lateral.
        • Raíz Lateral del Nervio Mediano.1
        • Nervio Musculocutáneo.1
      • Fascículo Posterior. Originado por los ramos posteriores del Tronco Superior, Medio e Inferior.
        • Nervio Subescapular Superior.
        • Nervio Toracodorsal.
        • Nervio Subescapular Inferior.
        • Nervio Axilar.1
        • Nervio Radial.1
      • Fascículo Medial.
        • Nervio Pectoral Medial.
        • Nervio Cutáneo Braquial Medial.
        • Nervio Cutáneo Antebraquial Medial.
        • Raíz Lateral del Nervio Mediano.1
        • Nervio Ulnar.1
  • Tejido Celuloadiposo.

1Ramos Terminales del Plexo Braquial.

Referencias Bibliográficas

  1. A. Bouchet - J. Cuilleret. Anatomía Descriptiva, Topográfica y Funcional. Miembro Superior. Argentina. Editorial Médica Panamericana. 1998.
  2. M. Latarjet - A. Ruiz Liard. Anatomía Humana. Tomo II. Argentina. Editorial Médica Panamericana. 2004.
  3. F. Netter. Atlas de Anatomía Humana. España. Editorial Masson. 2005.

58 Comments:

At 3:13 p. m., Anonymous Anónimo said...

LOL

 
At 10:30 a. m., Anonymous Anónimo said...

esta genial!!!
soy instructora de anatomia y me ah servido este tema porque viene bien resumido y yo ya puedo explicar en base a este resumen.

 
At 6:18 p. m., Blogger Theodorakys Marin said...

Me alegro que te haya gustado, la idea de la pagina es esquematizar y sintetizar el contenido de la materia lo mas posible, sin perder la esencia e importancia de la region.

Un saludo desde Venezuela y cuenta conmigo para tus labores de Instructora.

 
At 10:48 a. m., Anonymous Sarita said...

Hola! Realmente no sé como va esta página lo que sé es que están super bien estos esquemas. Estoy en 1º de Medicina y ando un poco liada con el árbol vascular del tronco porque me lio!!! No sé si se puede pedir por aqui pero... seria posible que se hiciera un esquema con este pero sobre las arterias y las venas del tronco? Gracias.

 
At 12:48 p. m., Blogger Theodorakys Marin said...

Sarita, te hice un esquema del sistema venoso de la ácigos.

Espero que te ayude en el estudio de la vascularización del tronco.

Un beso.

 
At 2:09 a. m., Blogger Jessica said...

Me encanta tu blogg... espero q me sirva porq he estado un poco deprimida con anatomia, espero ser preparadora y me ha costado un poco hallar un metodo de estudio q sea eficaz.

 
At 11:43 p. m., Blogger Theodorakys Marin said...

Seguro lo lograras Jessica!
Cuenta con mi apoyo, cualquier esquema que necesites, escribime sin dudarlo.
Besos!

 
At 10:20 a. m., Anonymous Sandrix said...

weno genial el resumen solo una duda algunas bibliog dicen que la toracoacromial se divide en toracica superior y acromial (para el deltoids) si fuera asi de esta rama acromial saldria la clavicular pectoral deltoide y la misma acromial???????? :S

 
At 12:01 p. m., Blogger Theodorakys Marin said...

No, no, no... Estudialo como aparece en el esquema.

El tronco toracoacromial no se bifurca en las ramas que mencionas. La toracica superior proviene directamente de la porcion suprapectoral de la arteria axilar. Y el tronco toracoacromial se divide clasicamente en las ramas que menciono en el esquema o de forma abreviada, en una rama pectoral y una acromial.

Abrazos!

 
At 5:42 p. m., Anonymous Anónimo said...

Hola, soy de Zacapa, Guatemala, y talvez me puedes ayudar con un esquema de las dos regiones en las que se divide la cara lateral del torax, para realizar el exámen del torax.. Te agradezco de antemano.. y felicidades por tu página, está fenomenal.. Att. Luis Carlos

 
At 8:06 p. m., Anonymous Anónimo said...

hola,soy estudiante del 1er año de Med, quisiera q m ayudaras a realizar un esquema o resumen del plexo y region axilar, pues relmente no se como organizar la informacion. De verdad si m puedes ayudar, de antemano GRACIAS

 
At 12:55 a. m., Anonymous Anónimo said...

muy muy buena la informacion,,,

 
At 2:49 a. m., Anonymous Anónimo said...

hay esta bien padre esta pagina si la hubiese conocido antes, pero ahora ya que me llevé anatomia a segunda oportunidad y la verdad no creo que la pase ya mi examen es el lunes 16 de febrero y no creo poder por mas que estudio siempre me revuelve mucho el examen ya no se que hacer me da miedo presentar dame un consejo por favor saluditos bye

 
At 11:09 p. m., Anonymous Anónimo said...

Esta muy bueno. Me ayuda mucho ya que estoy un poco bajoneada en anatomia.os en nustros estuios Esta muy bien esquematizado . Gracias por ayudarnos! :D

 
At 10:02 a. m., Anonymous Anónimo said...

jajajajja que chevere que tengas esto aquiii :D a mi profesoor no le gustaan lo spreparadores pero yo quiero ser suu prepaaradoraa jiji XDXD buueenoo felicitaciones excelentee labor que ejerces, saludos desde maracaibo :)

 
At 10:54 a. m., Anonymous Anónimo said...

Ola, what's up amigos? :)
I will be glad to get any help at the beginning.
Thanks in advance and good luck! :)

 
At 10:17 p. m., Blogger kathe boné said...

Hola!! muy bueno el esquema, recién empiezo a estudiar este tema y la verdad es que me orienta bastante a la hora de empezar a estudiar!! muchas gracias!!! :)

 
At 12:11 p. m., Anonymous Anónimo said...

hola te felicito por tu gran trabajo estudio 1año de medicina y me ha sido de gran guia .. espero siempre encontrar ayuda en tus esquemas .. abrazos

 
At 8:33 p. m., Blogger Theodorakys Marin said...

Gracias a todos por sus comentarios!
Ustedes merecen toda la ayuda que necesiten, la formación del médico es muy compleja, cuenten conmigo en lo que necesiten!
Se es quiere un montón anatómicos!

 
At 4:51 p. m., Anonymous Dra: Yrika Melean. said...

Muy bien, me ha servido de mucha ayuda, felicitaciones.

 
At 1:44 a. m., Anonymous lolo | Singles Thailand said...

Esta muy bueno. felicitaciones excelentee
muchas gracias

 
At 12:14 p. m., Blogger Dr. Theodorakys Marin said...

Gracias por sus palabras anatómicos!

Felicidades!

 
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